Soccer Goalkeeper Task Modeling and Analysis by Petri Nets


Computer Sciences and IT Department, IASBS, Zanjan, Iran


In a robotic soccer team, goalkeeper is an important challenging role, which has different characteristics from the other teammates. This paper proposes a new learning-based behavior model for a soccer goalkeeper robot by using Petri nets. The model focuses on modeling and analyzing, both qualitatively and quantitatively, for the goalkeeper role so that we have a model-based knowledge of the task performance in different possible situations. The different primitive actions and behaviors as well as the events to switch between them, and also environment models were designed and implemented. For this purpose, a modeling and analysis framework based on Petri nets is used, which enables modeling a robot task, analyzing its qualitative and quantitative properties and using the Petri net representation for actual plan execution. The proposed model building blocks and some tasks of robot are detailed. The novelty of approach is considering some alternatives through tasks execution, which are implemented by conflicts in their Petri net models, and also Q_learning employment in these decision points in order to learn the best policy. Therefore, the execution of actions in different tasks will be controlled effectively. The results of theoretical analysis of some case studies show impressive performance improvement in goalkeeper task execution.