Facial Expression Recognition Based on Structural Changes in Facial Skin


1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


Facial expressions are the most powerful and direct means of presenting human emotions and feelings and offer a window into a persons’ state of mind. In recent years, the study of facial expression and recognition has gained prominence; as industry and services are keen on expanding on the potential advantages of facial recognition technology. As machine vision and artificial intelligence advances, facial recognition has become more accessible and is now a key technique to be employed and used in creating more natural man-machine interactions, Computer vision, and health care. In this paper, we empirically evaluate facial representation based on statistical local features, Local Binary Patterns, for person-independent facial expression recognition. Different machine learning methods are systematically examined on several databases. Extensive experiments illustrate that LBP features are effective and efficient for facial expression recognition. In this paper, we proposed a face expression detection method based on the difference of a face expression and the allocated special pattern to each expression. The analysis of the image detection system locally and through a sliding window (sliding) at multiple scales, are estimated. Multiple scales are extracted aslocally binary features. Through using the change point between windows, points of face are getting a directional movement. Through using points movement of whole facial expressions and rating system that is created the superfluous points are eliminated. The classifications are taken based on the nearest neighbor. To sum up this paper, the proposed algorithms are tested on Cohn-Kanade data set and the results showed the best performance and reliability into other algorithms. We investigated LBP features for the facial skin structural changes, which is seldom addressed in the existing literature.