Department of Electrical, Biomedical and Mechatronic Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
The goal of multi-frame Super Resolution (SR) is to fuse multiple Low Resolution (LR) images to produce one High Resolution (HR) image. The major challenge of classic SR approaches is accurate motion estimation between the frames. To handle this challenge, fuzzy motion estimation method has been proposed that replaces value of each pixel using the weighted averaging all its neighboring pixels in all LR images which carries the degree of similarity between image blocks centered on two pixels. Since in case of rotation between LR images, comparing the gray level of blocks around the pixels is not a suitable criterion for calculating weight, so, magnitude of Zernike Moments (ZM) has been used as a rotation invariant feature. Due to the lower sensitivity of Pseudo Zernike Moments (PZM) to noise and the higher discrimination capability of it for the same order compared to ZM, in this paper, we propose a new method based on magnitude of PZM of the blocks as a rotation invariant descriptor for representation of pixels in weight calculation. Experimental results on several image sequences show that the performance of the proposed algorithm is better than the existing and new techniques from the aspect of PSNR and visual image quality.