Document Type: Original Research (Full Papers)
Department of computer, Torbat-e-Heydariyeh branch, Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e-Heydariyeh, Iran
Department of Computer, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
Department of Computer, Torbat Heydariyeh University, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
The intelligence of a mobile robot is highly dependent on its vision. The main objective of an intelligent mobile robot is in its ability to the online image processing, object detection, and especially visual tracking which is a complex task in stochastic environments. Tracking algorithms suffer from sequence challenges such as illumination variation, occlusion, and background clutter, so an accurate tracker should employ the appropriate visual features to identify target. In this paper, we propose using the histogram of oriented gradient (HOG), as an important descriptor. The descriptor simulates the performance of the complex cells in the primary visual cortex (V1) and it has low sensitivity to the illumination changes. In the proposed method, firstly, an object model is generated by training the HOG of multi first frames via an SVM classifier. Then, in order to track a new frame, the HOG descriptors are extracted from the surrounding areas of the target in the previous frame and convolved with the object model. Finally, the location with the highest score is defined as the target. The experimental results demonstrate the proposed method has significant performance compare to the state-of-the-art methods. Furthermore, we apply our algorithm to the mobile robot built by the robotics team to ensure its performance in a real environment.