Cluster-Based Image Segmentation Using Fuzzy Markov Random Field

Document Type : Original Research (Full Papers)


1 Faculty of Computer and Information Technology Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of Computer Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


Image segmentation is an important task in image processing and computer vision which attract many researchers attention. There are a couple of information sets pixels in an image: statistical and structural information which refer to the feature value of pixel data and local correlation of pixel data, respectively. Markov random field (MRF) is a tool for modeling statistical and structural information at the same time. Fuzzy Markov random field (FMRF) is a MRF in fuzzy space which handles fuzziness and randomness of data simultaneously. This paper propose a new method called FMRF-C which is model clustering using FMRF and applying it in application of image segmentation. Due to the similarity of FMRF model structure and image neighbourhood structure, exploiting FMRF in image segmentation makes results in acceptable levels. One of the important tools is Cellular learning automata (CLA) for suitable initial labelling of FMRF. The reason for choosing this tool is the similarity of CLA to FMRF and image structure. We compared the proposed method with several approaches such as Kmeans, FCM, and MRF and results demonstratably show the good performance of our method in terms of tanimoto, mean square error and energy minimization metrics.